Шаблон:Infobox scientist

Материал из Национальной библиотеки им. Н. Э. Баумана
Последнее изменение этой страницы: 21:39, 20 августа 2017.
Infobox scientist
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{{{honorific_prefix}}}
{{{name}}}
{{{honorific_suffix}}}
[[File:{{{image}}}|{{{image_size}}}
|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1|{{{alt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
Родное имя: {{{native_name}}}
Дата рождения: {{{birth_name}}}
{{{birth_date}}}
{{{birth_place}}}
Дата смерти: {{{death_date}}}
{{{death_place}}}
{{{death_cause}}}
Место захоронения: {{{resting_place}}}
{{{resting_place_coordinates}}}
Другие имена: {{{other_names}}}
Место жительства: {{{residence}}}
Гражданство: {{{citizenship}}}
Национальность: {{{nationality}}}
Научная сфера: {{{fields}}}
Место работы: {{{workplaces}}}
Покровители: {{{patrons}}}
Образование: {{{education}}}
Альма-матер: {{{alma_mater}}}
Докторская диссертация: [ thesis_title ] (year)
or
[
thesis_title1 ] (year1)
[ thesis_title2 ] (year2)
Научный руководитель: {{{doctoral_advisor}}}
Академические консультанты: {{{academic_advisors}}}
Докторанты: {{{doctoral_students}}}
Известные ученики: {{{notable_students}}}
Известен как: {{{known_for}}}
Находится под влиянием: {{{influences}}}
Оказал влияние на: {{{influenced}}}
Награды и премии: {{{awards}}}
Открыл виды (Ботаника): {{{author_abbrev_bot}}}
Открыл виды (Зоология): {{{author_abbrev_zoo}}}
Супруг(а): {{{spouse}}} or {{{spouses}}}
Партнер(ы); {{{partner}}} or {{{partners}}}
Дети: {{{children}}}
Подпись;
[[File:{{{signature}}}|128px|alt={{{signature_alt}}}|{{{name}}}'s signature]]
Сайт:
{{{website}}}
Заметки:
{{{footnotes}}}

{{Infobox scientist}} может использоваться, чтобы собрать информацию об ученом, медике, инженере, математике или академике.

Этот шаблон может так же использоваться как модуль (под-шаблон) для {{Infobox person}}.

Использование

Синтаксис

Этот инфобокс может быть добавлен в статью копированием нижеприведенного кода в начало статьи и заполнением нужных параметров. Любые параметры оставленные незаполненными не будут показаны.

{{Infobox scientist
| honorific_prefix =
| name        = 
| honorific_suffix =
| native_name = 
| native_name_lang = 
| image       =         <!--(filename only, i.e. without "File:" prefix)-->
| image_size  = 
| alt         = 
| caption     = 
| birth_date  =         <!--{{birth date |YYYY|MM|DD}}-->
| birth_place = 
| death_date  =         <!--{{death date and age |YYYY|MM|DD |YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date)-->
| death_place = 
| death_cause = 
| resting_place = 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!--{{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline,title}}-->
| other_names = 
| residence   = 
| citizenship = 
| nationality = 
| fields      = 
| workplaces  = 
| patrons     = 
| education   = 
| alma_mater  = 
| thesis_title =        <!--(or  | thesis1_title =  and  | thesis2_title = )-->
| thesis_url  =         <!--(or  | thesis1_url  =   and  | thesis2_url  =  )-->
| thesis_year =         <!--(or  | thesis1_year =   and  | thesis2_year =  )-->
| doctoral_advisor =    <!--(or  | doctoral_advisors = )-->
| academic_advisors = 
| doctoral_students = 
| notable_students = 
| known_for   = 
| influences  = 
| influenced  = 
| awards      = 
| author_abbrev_bot = 
| author_abbrev_zoo = 
| spouse      =         <!--(or | spouses = )-->
| partner     =         <!--(or | partners = )-->
| children    = 
| signature   =         <!--(filename only)-->
| signature_alt = 
| website     =         <!--{{URL|www.example.com}}-->
| footnotes   = 
}}

Параметры

Все параметры опциональны. (Если нет name, то инфобокс использует название статьи)

Параметр Пояснение
name Имя. Заметка: не добавляйте иконки или другие изображения.
native_name Имя на родном языке человека.
native_name_lang ISO 639-2 code т.е. "fre" или "fra" для Французского – Если больше одного, используется {{lang}} в native_name= вместо.
image Имя файла необходимого изображения (без префикса "File:")
image_size
imagesize
Ширина изображения (если не задано, то используется размер по умолчанию)
alt Альтернативный текст для изображения, для слабовидящих читателей. – Смотрите WP:ALT.
caption Заголовок изображения – Добавьте дату и автора изображения, если известны.
birth_name Имя, данное при рождении – Указывается в случае отличия от name.
birth_date Дата рождения
birth_place Место рождения
death_date Дата смерти
death_place Место смерти
resting_place Место захоронения
resting_place_coordinates Координаты захоронения. – Используйте шаблон {{coord}}.
other_names Прошлые имена или никнэймы – множественные значения разделяются шаблоном {{Plainlist}}.
residence Места проживания
citizenship Гражданство
nationality Национальность, указывается в случае отличия от citizenship
fields Основные направления работы (физика, химия, биология, математика, инженерия, и т.д.) не профессия (физик...инженер)
workplaces Места работы: университеты, компании, и т.д.
patrons Люди, которые обеспечивали обучение и/или исследования.
education Образование, т.е. степень, вуз и год выпуска, если это уместно. Если имеется очень мало информации то, alma_mater параметр может быть более подходящим.
alma_mater Университет(ы), где ученый получал образование \ научную степень
thesis_title Название докторской диссертации ученого
thesis_url URL-адрес докторской диссертации ученого
thesis_year Год защиты
doctoral_advisor Имена консультантов по диссертации
academic_advisors Имена любых значимых консультантов по вопросам образования (кроме консультантов по диссертации)
doctoral_students Имена любых знаменитых докторантов ученого.
notable_students Имена любых знаменитых студентов ученого.
known_for Ключевые темы / области исследования, в которых ученый известен
author_abbrev_bot Если ученый является автором ботанического вида, вставьте его botanical author abbreviation здесь.
author_abbrev_zoo Если ученый является автором зоологического вида, вставьте его zoological author abbreviation здесь.
influences Любые заметные люди, оказавшие значительное влияние на ученого.
influenced Любые заметные люди, на которых оказал влияние ученый.
awards Известные награды / призы, полученные ученым.
signature Имя файла изображения подписи ученого (если доступно).
signature_alt Alt-текст для подписи.
website Официальный сайт.
footnotes Для любых примечаний, необходимых для уточнения записей выше.
spouse Супруга или супруги ученого (с датами брака)
children Количество детей (например, три или три) или список имен, если они указаны, в этом случае отдельные записи с использованием {{ Plainlist}} или {{ Unbulleted list}}. По соображениям конфиденциальности подумайте о том, чтобы исключить имена детей живых людей.

Guidelines

Note: "Lists" in the following are usually suitable for presentation using {{Unbulleted list}} (unbulleted list, one item per line) or {{hlist}} (horizontal list, item by item with linewrap).

name  
This is the name that scientist was usually known by. Do not put the full expanded name here.
image  
This is the portrait or photo of the scientist. If there is a choice between good images, chose the one from a period where the scientist's work flourished. Avoid photos where the scientist was a child or very elderly, unless there is nothing else available.
image_size  
This should normally be left at the default image size which will let users change the size to their own preference.
alt  
This should describe only the visual appearance of the image, for visually-impaired readers. It should not repeat the caption. See WP:ALT.
caption  
The caption should contain the full expanded name of the scientist, year or birth and death, if available, and any relevant details about the photo or portrait.
birth_name  
Birth name of scientist. Use only if different from name in header. This parameter will be displayed in the "born" field, before birth date and birthplace.
birth_date  
Birth date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientist's age.
birth_place  
Birthplace of scientist. Put town/city followed by country.
death_date  
Death date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientists age.
death_place  
Death place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country. Note: this is the place where the person died, which might be different from burial place.
resting_place 
Where the scientist was buried, or their ashes scattered
resting_place_coordinates
WGS84 coordinates for |resting_place. Only use if known precisely (i.e. do not give generic coordinates for the cemetery). Use {{Coord}}.
residence  
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. These are places where the scientist lived for significant periods. The intention is that these are countries of domicile. Do not include countries where the scientist temporarily resided for brief collaboration or study leave.
citizenship  
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. This is the scientist's citizenship, which often can be different from country of domicile or residency.
nationality  
List country only. Only insert this if it is different from citizenship.
fields  
List the scientist's principal field or fields of work as described in the article, e.g. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Molecular biology, Electronic engineering etc. Avoid using occupations, e.g. Physicist, Zoologist, Surgeon, Inventor.
workplaces  
List the key work places, universities, companies, organizations etc. that the scientist worked at. The intention is to not list minor places that the scientist performed collaborative visits at. The intention is to list places where the scientist was officially appointed with a payroll (i.e. don't list places that represent adjunct appointments).
patrons  
List notable benefactors who financially supported the scientist's education and/or research.
alma_mater  
List the universities where the scientist obtained all his/her degrees from. In anomalous cases where a degree was carried out remotely or in a different university to the university that administered the degree, insert the administering university. The main article can then discuss the specific situation.
thesis_title  
(or thesis1_title and thesis2_title)  If the scientist obtained a doctorate or doctorates, insert the thesis/theses titles, otherwise leave blank.
thesis_url  
(or thesis1_url and thesis2_url)  A link or links to e.g. abstract/s of the scientist's thesis/theses at a university library, or their homepage, etc.
thesis_year  
(or thesis1_year and thesis2_year)  The year/s in which the scientist's thesis/theses were published.
doctoral_advisor  
(or doctoral_advisors)  If the scientist obtained a doctorate, insert their doctoral advisor or advisors, otherwise leave blank.
academic_advisors 
Insert names of significant academic teachers other than the doctoral advisor: e.g. Master's advisor, postdoctoral supervisor, significant undergraduate mentor/teacher etc. In Cambridge, before 1919, there was no doctorate and so you can insert the relevant Cambridge tutor.
doctoral_students 
Insert names of doctoral students supervised by the scientist. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out. It can be reinstated once such an article appears. The idea is to list only those students who are significant enough to warrant their own article.
notable_students  
Insert names of any notable non-doctoral students taught or supervised by the scientist. These can be undergraduates, postdocs, masters students etc. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out.
known_for  
Insert the key topics/areas for which the scientist is notable, e.g. "discovering the electron". In the case of prolific scientists, preferably list the discoveries named after the scientist, e.g. "Maxwell's equations". In the case where a scientist is so prolific that a whole wiki article listing the discoveries exists, insert a link to that page under the label (in italics) "see list" (i.e. ''[[(link)|see list]]'').
author_abbrev_bot 
If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
author_abbrev_zoo 
If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
spouse  
(or spouses)  Name/s of / link/s to the scientist's spouse/s.
partner  
(or partners)  Name/s of / link/s to the scientist's partner/s.
influences  
List names of any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly. Influences should be restricted to a small number, i.e. two or three, where the scientist was clearly and directly building on the work of a predecessor (for example, the scientist may have identified a predecessor as providing the foundation for one of their major achievements). Unless the scientist was clearly building on an earlier work, avoid adding influences that were only via study, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influences who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
influenced  
List names of any notable people who were significantly influenced by the scientist. Influenced should be restricted to a small number (perhaps two or three), where the scientist clearly and directly provided the foundation for work by a later thinker. For example, the scientist may be named by the later thinker as providing the basis for one of their major works. Unless the later thinker was clearly building on the scientist's work, avoid adding names that were only influenced by study of the scientist, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influenced people who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
awards  
List major awards. Put year of award in brackets after name of award. Insert a line break after each award. Avoid awards that are not significant enough to withstand their own wiki article description.
signature  
Filename of an image of the scientist's handwritten signature (if available).
signature_alt 
Alt text for the signature. Typically this is just the text of the signature (e.g. "Is. Newton" for File:Isaac Newton signature.svg).
website  
Official website only. Unofficial websites should be placed under ==External links== in the body of the article. Use {{URL}} as {{URL|www.example.com}}.
footnotes  
For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. This section is also often used to add extra notable items, typically, if the scientist is a relative of another person with a wiki article.
Common errors to avoid
  • Always copy and paste the infobox template from here, not another article, in order to guarantee the full correct version.
  • If a field does not apply, leave it blank. Do not delete it. This is because is acts as a place-holder and future editors may find a field applies after all. You may put a comment in the blank field that it is not applicable if you are sure of this.

Example

Paul Dirac
Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
Дата рождения: (1902-08-08)August 8, 1902
Bristol, England
Дата смерти: October 20, 1984(1984-10-20) (aged 82)
Tallahassee, Florida, USA
Место жительства:
Национальность: British
Научная сфера: Physics (theoretical)
Место работы:
Альма-матер:
Научный руководитель: Ralph Fowler
Докторанты:
Известен как:
Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
Награды и премии: 1933  Nobel Prize in Physics
{{Infobox scientist
| name = Paul Dirac
| image = Dirac_4.jpg
| alt = Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
| caption = <!--(not needed as image is straightforward portrait)-->
| birth_date = {{birth date|1902|8|8|mf=y}}
| birth_place = [[Bristol]], [[England]]
| death_date = {{death date and age|1984|10|20|1902|8|8}}
| death_place = [[Tallahassee]], [[Florida]], USA
| residence = {{Unbulleted list|[[United Kingdom]] |[[United States]]}}
| nationality = [[British nationality|British]]
| fields = [[Physics]] ([[Theoretical physics|theoretical]])
| workplaces = {{Unbulleted list|[[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]] |[[Florida State University]]}}
| alma_mater = {{Unbulleted list|[[University of Bristol]] |Cambridge University}}
| doctoral_advisor = [[Ralph Fowler]]
| doctoral_students = {{Unbulleted list|[[Homi J. Bhabha|Homi Bhabha]] |[[Harish-Chandra|Harish Chandra Mehrotra]] |[[Denis Sciama|Dennis Sciama]] |[[Behram Kurşunoğlu]] |[[John Polkinghorne]] |[[Per-Olov Löwdin]]}}
| known_for = {{longitem|Seminal contributions to [[quantum mechanics]]}}
| awards = {{smaller|1933{{spaces|2}}}}[[Nobel Prize in Physics]]
}}